Zanzibar being a semi autonomous island  of Tanzania is located in the Indian Ocean about 35 km off the coast of mainland Tanzania at six degrees south of the Equator. Zanzibar is made up of many islands, the main two being Unguja (sometimes called Zanzibar) and Pemba.

There is an agreement among historians that from 10th century, Zanzibar has been playing the role of a Gate way for Central Africa and south of Sahara desert. This has lead to the creation of the proverb "when we play a flute in Zanzibar, they Dance in Africa" People from all corners of the world from East, West North and South were impressed by the climatic condition, geographical location, and economic prosperity of the  Island. From 1832 Zanzibar became the Capital of Oman making the bosses of Oman sultanate to forget of their desert land and make Zanzibar the official residence for their sultan. Zanzibar became then the Capital of Oman and indeed the Capital for Indian Ocean. 

Peripelus of Erythrean traces the history of Zanzibar back 60th  Century BC. The Persians came to Zanzibar in 10th Century, followed by Portuguese in 15th Century. The death of the Sultan of Oman and Zanzibar in 1956 is what caused the separation of the Sultanate between Oman and Zanzibar in 1861.

Currently Zanzibar is a semi autonomous island within the United Republic of Tanzania with its own government. The government of Zanzibar is the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar whose head is the president of Zanzibar. There are some issues which are in accordance with the Articles of the Union which is an agreement of the Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar are Union matters and others are non-union matters. The union matters include the defense, international relations, currency and so forth. The non- union matters include tourism, health, education and so forth.

The main language is Kiswahili. English is widely spoken. Arabic is also spoken. Other European languages such as French and Italian are known by some local people, especially around the tourist areas. About 97% of the local population is Muslim. The remaining are Hindus or Christians and some with traditional beliefs.

Zanzibar experiences ideal holiday weather for most of the year, with the exception of March, April and May, which are seasonally subject to the long rains. Short rains can occur in November but are characterized by short showers, which do not last long.The heat of summer is seasonally often calmed by windy conditions, resulting in pleasant sea breezes, particularly on the North and East coast. Being near the equator, the islands are warm all year round but officially summer and winter peak in December and June respectively. Zanzibar is blessed with an average of 7-8 hours of sunshine daily.

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